Pay attention to 9 abnormal phenomena of newborn baby
The newborn baby is very delicate and fragile.
They may have some anomalies that require Mummy to observe carefully while taking care.
In this way, you can thoroughly find the abnormalities in the baby’s body, so that the baby can be treated and treated as soon as possible to avoid affecting the baby’s healthy growth and development.
Pay attention to the nine abnormalities of newborn babies1. The number of breaths is abnormal. Generally speaking, the number of breaths of newborns (0-28 days) is 40-45 breaths / min.
If it is more than 60 times per minute, the breathing will be faster, and it may be caused by neonatal pneumonia, especially when the baby has a bluish face, does not look good, or spit in the mouth, you should go to the hospital immediately.
Love Tips: Normal newborns’ breathing is irregular, sometimes fast and slow, sometimes even temporarily stopped.
Therefore, when counting the number of breaths per minute of a newborn, it cannot be counted as 15 seconds and then multiplied by 4.
In this way, it is easy for a baby who is breathing faster due to pneumonia cannot be found, and a normal baby is mistakenly counted as an increase in the number of breaths.
The correct way is to count for 1 full minute, pay attention to one breath for one breath, do not count as two.
Neonatal chest contour movement is small, and abdominal breathing is the main type.
Therefore, observing abdominal breathing movements is clearer and results are more accurate.
It is best to count the number of breaths when the baby is quiet, crying, eating or just after milk will easily affect the accuracy of the results.
2. Excessive vaginal bleeding. Some newborn girls may experience vaginal bleeding in the first few days of life.
However, if there is a large amount of bleeding and the duration is shortened, you should go to the doctor in time to rule out the neonatal bleeding disease as soon as possible.
Because if the baby’s vaginal bleeding is caused by physiological reasons-because the fetal baby is in the womb, the estrogen is maintained at a certain level under the influence of the placenta, which stimulates the reproductive tract mucosal proliferation and hyperemia.
After the baby is born, the umbilical cord is broken, the source of estrogen is interrupted, and the uterine mucosa loses the estrogen’s supporting effect, resulting in bleeding and the formation of “false menstruation”.
However, this bleeding is usually small and disappears after a few days.
3, four or five months after birth, there are still nine kinds of abnormalities in the newborn baby, A frightened look.
It’s just a physiological phenomenon that disappears in seconds.
If the baby’s startling behavior still appears after four or five months of birth, he should be taken to the hospital in time for some neurological examinations and early detection of abnormalities.
Under normal circumstances, when the baby reaches about four months, the insulating tissue around the nerve fibers gradually forms, and the function of sound stimulation will be concentrated in the cerebral cortex. The function is more and more mature, and it is not easy for the excitement to spread to the generalization.On the nerve fibers of the limb muscles, the startle phenomenon gradually disappeared.
Love Tips: If a normal baby has a startle phenomenon, Mommy should pay attention to whether it is neonatal convulsion-manifested as two eyes staring, tremor, repeated sucking, facial muscle tremor, irregular breathing, and bruising skin.
If this happens, go to the doctor.
4, the weight does not increase after birth. After the baby is born, the feces and urine should be excreted from the body, spit out some absorbed amniotic fluid, and breathe through the skin and lungs to reduce water. Therefore, many times there will be weight loss after birth., But this is a normal physiological phenomenon.
However, if the baby does not return to normal or loses too much weight after 10 days after birth, it indicates that there is an abnormality in the body.
Should take to see a doctor, determine the cause of weight loss early, and give appropriate treatment.
Tips for love: The so-called physiological weight loss generally decreases the most when the baby is born 3-5 days, but it usually does not exceed 10%.
After about 10 days of birth, she will return to her weight at birth and then increase rapidly.
In the first 3 months of birth, your baby’s weight will increase by 180-200 grams per week; 150-180 grams per week during 3-6 months; 90-120 grams per week during 6-9 months; 9-12 monthsAdd 60-90 grams per week.
5, unexplained fever, pay attention to the nine abnormalities of newborn babies, newborn babies, the temperature regulation function has not yet matured, but the body is relatively relative.
When the ambient temperature is high or the coverage is too tight, moisture is lost from breathing and urination.
If you don’t breastfeed in time, you will lose too much water, cause dehydration, and cause fever.
However, this kind of fever generally avoids the ambient temperature being too high, or reduces clothing and replenishes moisture, which will make the baby’s body temperature return to normal.
If the baby’s temperature still does not drop, and other symptoms appear at the same time, Mummy must not be sloppy, take the baby to the doctor quickly to prevent the baby from neonatal sepsis, purulent meningitis, enteritis and respiratory and digestive tract virus infection.
6. After the jaundice is delayed, the baby begins to spontaneously breathe out of the mother’s body, and the oxygen concentration in the blood increases.
In this way, the excess red blood cells are destroyed, increasing the amount of bilirubin in the blood.
However, the baby’s liver development is still immature, and the increased bilirubin cannot be removed from the body in a timely manner, causing a part of bilirubin to deposit on the skin, which causes the baby’s skin to become yellow, called physiological jaundice.
However, this jaundice resolves quickly and generally does not require treatment.The full-term baby lasts about 4-6 days, and gradually subsides about 7-10 days; the jaundice subsides in premature babies a little later, and it may disappear after 2-3 weeks.
If the baby has obvious jaundice within 24 hours after birth, or the degree of jaundice is severe, or the skin becomes yellow and time complications, such as full-term baby over 2 weeks obesity, premature babies over 3 weeks, may be pathologicaljaundice.
At this time, Mummy should take the baby to the hospital for treatment as early as possible to avoid the worsening of the condition.
Tips for love: Physiological jaundice usually starts with the face turning yellow, and the sclera and skin gradually turn yellow. Jaundice rarely occurs in the palms of the hands and feet.
Usually the baby’s mental state is not bad, there is no obvious change in feeding and sleeping, but the urine color is slightly yellow.
7, the baby’s head is significantly larger in fetuses and infants, brain tissue development is particularly fast, and limbs are relatively slow.
Therefore, at birth, the baby sticks his head in and has fewer complications.
However, if the baby’s head circumference is significantly higher than the normal range, he may have hydrocephalus, megacephalopathy, or a chromosomal obvious genetic disease. He should go to the doctor in time.
Love Tips: Pay attention to the 9 abnormal phenomena of newborn babies at the time of birth. The bust is 1-2 cm smaller than the head circumference.
The growth rate of the baby’s head circumference is very rapid in the first year after birth, and the head circumference can reach 48 cm at the age of 2, which can reflect the development of the brain.
In general, the average head circumference of a baby is about 34 cm when it is born, it grows to 42 cm by 6 months, and 46 cm when it is 1 year old. After that, the growth rate of baby’s head circumference gradually slows down, and the development of limbs begins to accelerate.
8. The bleeding point does not subside. If it is a natural delivery, if the labor process is too long or the uterine contraction is weak, it is easy to cause hypoxia and even suffocation in the newborn. After the hypoxia, the permeability of the blood vessel wall increases.Subcutaneous bleeding; In addition, if the baby’s head is rubbed strongly when passing through the birth canal of the mummy, the capillaries will be damaged, and subcutaneous bleeding may also be caused.
Shows bleeding spots on the body or face.
Hypoxia or even suffocation-related subcutaneous hemorrhage, once the neonatal suffocation is successfully resurrected; and subcutaneous hemorrhage caused by capillary damage caused by external forces, generally will naturally disappear after a few days.
However, if the bleeding point does not subside or continue to increase, maybe there is an infectious disease or blood disease in the body, you should take your baby to the hospital for examination as soon as possible, which will cause effective treatment to avoid affecting the baby’s normal growth and development.
9, the two small breasts are not the same size, although some baby girls are born, the two small breasts swell and even secrete milk, but this is not an abnormal phenomenon.
Because when the baby is born, there are estrogen and prolactin brought from the mother.
Generally, the estrogen and progesterone that inhibit prolactin will disappear quickly, and after losing the inhibitory factor, prolactin overcomes the maintenance time in the baby’s body and stimulates the baby’s mammary gland, which causes the small breast to swell.
However, if the two small breasts that are swollen are not the same size, accompanied by redness, fever and other symptoms, it may be inflammation of the breast tissue, and you should go to the hospital in time to prevent inflammation from developing.
Tips for love: Never have a baby boy or a baby girl. Swelling of small breasts usually occurs 3-5 days after birth, and it is most obvious at 8-18 days, but most of them disappear in 2-3 weeks after birth.
Mommy should not squeeze or rub small breasts because of worry or anxiety. This will cause damage to breast tissue and cause infection.